The study of migrating birds has always been among the primer activities of Milvus Group. In the past years we organised several camps with the aim of indentifying the migration period of different raptor species. In this consideration the camps organized in Măcin Mountains, during 2002-2007, were the most important.
Last year (2010) we proposed a new objective: to indentify the migration routes of raptors in Dobrogea. These new information will help us understand the possible negative effects of existing and planned wind farms on migrating raptors.
In the first year (2010) we were able to make observations only in the northern part of Dobrogea, in the following 15 observation points: Măcin Mountains – Pricopan Peak, Rachelu, Niculițel, Peceneaga, Praporgescu, Consul, Denistepe, Agighiol, Beștepe, Hârșova, Rahmanu, Vasile Alecsandri, Caugagia, Enisala and Allah Bair. The observations in 2010 were made between 20and 30 September.
In 2011 we made observations in the southern part of Dobrogea. The observations were made simultaneously in 13 observation points during between 19September and 1 October: Capidava, Allah Bair, Pantelimon, Dobrogea Gorge, Gura Dobrogei, Ostrov, Bugeac, Lipnița, Ion Corvin, Șipotele, Negrești, Amzacea and Techirghiol.
The period of the studies was chosen in such a way to overlap with the main migration period of one of our key species in raptor conservation, the Lesser Spotted Eagle.
The observations were made every day between 9.00 AM and 6.00 PM, and weather conditions were noted every hour. In case of fog or rain observations were cancelled.
Besides the raptor species other large migrating bird species were noted down as well: White Stork (Ciconia ciconia), Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus), Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus), geese, cormorants.
In addition to the species listed in the tables below, birds considered rarities for the country were also observed. In 2011 two individuals of Eleonora`s Falcon (Falco eleonorae) were observed at Amzacea and Bugeac observation points, one Pallid Swift (Apus pallida) at Amzacea, one Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis) at Techirghiol, which was observed for the first time in the country and one Eurasian Dotterel (Charadrius morinellus) at Gura Dobrogei.
All these data collected during the camps are very important in the conservation of migrating birds and the habitats they use during migration. We would like to thank those who helped us organize these camps:
Aczél-Fridrich Zsuzsanna, Alfano Niccolò, Bărbos Lőrincz, Bartos Beáta, Benkő Zoltán, Berchi Marius, Böndi Erzsébet, Böndi László, Bóné Gábor, Ciulpan Corina, Csiszér Kinga Orsolya, Daróczi J. Szilárd, Dehelean Bogdan, Dehelean Luca, Dósa Attila, Fülöp Attila, Gábos Ede, Gyékény Gertrúd, Hegyeli Zsolt, Ilinoiu Adrian, Incze Anna, Kastal Ágnes, Delille Katrien, Kecskés Attila, Kiss István, Kiss Réka Beáta, Komáromi István Sándor, Kovács István, Latková Hana, Liviu Pârâu, Marta Peris-Cabré, Marton Attila, Máthé Orsolya, Mezey Zsófia, Miholcsa Tamás, Molnar Paul, Nagy András Attila, Nagy Attila, Ölvedi Szilárd Zsolt, Osváth Gergely, Papp Tamás, Pârvulescu Emanuel, Patkó Erika, Péter Zsolt, Sándor K. Attila, Sandu Andreea, Siklódi Attila, Sos Tibor, Sugár Szilárd, Szabó D. Zoltán, Táncos Mihály, Van Des Trate Nicolas, Zeitz Róbert.
Table 1. Total migrating raptors observed in Dobrogea, 2010-2011
Table 2: Total number of migrating birds on all observation points in Dobrogea, 2010-2011
Table 3: Total number of migrating species (other than raptors) in Dobrogea, 2010-2011